The importance of land-use intensity for biodiversity and ecosystem functioning was also the focus of the AGRIPOPES project, an ESF-funded network of 12 research teams across Europe. Using European agroecosystems, in particular wheat fields, as a model ecosystem, the project analyzed the effects of land use intensification parameters on biodiversity and the biocontrol potential of biodiversity. In a unique approach, more than 1300 wheat fields across were assessed and information about land use, biodiversity and ecosystem functioning assembled.
Principle Investigator: Wolfgang W. Weisser,
Ph.D.-student: Lars C. Clement
Summary publication of main findings:
Geiger, F., J. Bengtsson, F. Berendse, W. W. Weisser, M. Emmerson, M. B. Morales, P. Ceryngier, J. Liira, T. Tscharntke, C. Winqvist, S. Eggers, R. Bommarco, T. Part, V. Bretagnolle, M. Plantegenest, L. W. Clement, C. Dennis, C. Palmer, J. J. Onate, I. Guerrero, V. Hawro, T. Aavik, C. Thies, A. Flohre, S. Hanke, C. Fischer, P. W. Goedhart, and P. Inchausti. 2010. Persistent negative effects of pesticides on biodiversity and biological control potential on European farmland. Basic and Applied Ecology 11:97-105.
Geiger, F., G. R. de Snoo, F. Berendse, I. Guerrero, M. B. Morales, J. J. Oñate, S. Eggers, T. Pärt, R. Bommarco, J. Bengtsson, L. W. Clement, W. W. Weisser, A. Olszewski, P. Ceryngier, V. Hawro, P. Inchausti, C. Fischer, A. Flohre, C. Thies, and T. Tscharntke. 2010. Landscape composition influences farm management effects on farmland birds in winter: A pan-European approach. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 139:571-577.
Fischer, C., A. Flohre, L. W. Clement, P. Batáry, W. W. Weisser, T. Tscharntke, and C. Thies. 2011. Mixed effects of landscape structure and farming practice on bird diversity. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 141:119-125.
Flohre, A., C. Fischer, T. Aavik, J. Bengtsson, F. Berendse, R. Bommarco, P. Ceryngier, L. Clement, C. Dennis, S. Eggers, M. Emmerson, F. Geiger, I. Guerrero, V. Hawro, P. Inchausti, J. Liira, M. B. Morales, J. Oñate, T. Pärt, W. W. Weisser, C. Winqvist, C. Thies, and T. Tscharntke. 2011. Agricultural intensification and biodiversity partitioning in European landscapes comparing plants, carabids, and birds. Ecological Applications 21:1772–1781.
Guerrero, I., M. B. Morales, J. J. Oñate, F. Geiger, F. Berendse, G. d. Snoo, S. Eggers, T. Pärt, J. Bengtsson, L. W. Clement, W. W. Weisser, A. Olszewski, P. Ceryngier, V. Hawro, J. Liira, C. Dennis, M. Emmerson, C. Fischer, A. Flohre, S. Hänke, C. Thies, and T. Tscharntke. 2011. Taxonomic and functional diversity of farmland bird communities across Europe: effects of biogeography and agricultural intensification, Biodiversity and Conservation. in press.
Thies, C., S. Haenke, C. Scherber, J. Bengtsson, R. Bonmarco, L. Clement, P. Ceryngier, C. Dennis, M. Emmerson, V. Gagic, V. Hawro, J. Liira, W. W. Weisser, C. Winqvist, and T. Tscharntke. 2011. Agricultural intensification changes food-web interactions and biological control - experimental evidence across Europe, Ecological Applications. in press.
Winqvist, C., J. Bengtsson, T. Aavik, F. Berendse, L. W. Clement, S. Eggers, C. Fischer, A. Flohre, F. Geiger, J. Liira, T. Pärt, C. Thies, T. Tscharntke, W. W. Weisser, and R. Bommarco. 2011. Mixed effects of organic farming and landscape complexity on farmland biodiversity and biological control potential across Europe. . Journal of Applied Ecology 48:570–579.