Land use and biodiversity

Simons, N. K., T. Lewinsohn, N. Blüthgen, F. Buscot, S. Boch, R. Daniel, M. M. Gossner, K. Jung, K. Kaiser, J. Müller, D. Prati, S. C. Renner, S. A. Socher, I. Sonnemann, C. N. Weiner, M. Werner, T. Wubet, S. Wurst and W. W. Weisser. 2017. Contrasting effects of grassland management modes on species-abundance distributions of multiple groups. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 237:143-153. PDF

Blüthgen, N., N. K. Simons, K. Jung, D. Prati, S. C. Renner, S. Boch, M. Fischer, N. Hölzel, V. H. Klaus, T. Kleinebecker, M. Tschapka, W. W. Weisser and M. M. Gossner. 2016. Land use imperils plant and animal community stability through changes in asynchrony rather than diversity. Nature Communications 7:10697 DOI:10.1038/ncomms10697. PDF

Heikkala, O., S. Seibold, M. Koivula, P. Martikainen, J. Müller, S. Thorn and J. Kouki. 2016. Retention forestry and prescribed burning result in functionally different saproxylic beetle assemblages than clear-cutting. Forest Ecology and Management 359:51-58. PDF

Petermann, J. S., A. Rohland, N. Sichardt, P. Lade, B. Guidetti, W. W. Weisser and M. M. Gossner. 2016. Forest Management Intensity Affects Aquatic Communities in Artificial Tree Holes. PLoS ONE 11:e0155549. PDF

Simons, N. K., W. W. Weisser and M. M. Gossner. 2016. Multi-taxa approach shows consistent shifts in arthropod functional traits along grassland land-use intensity gradient. Ecology 97:754-764. PDF

Soliveres, S., P. Manning, D. Prati, M. M. Gossner, F. Alt, H. Arndt, V. Baumgartner, J. Binkenstein, K. Birkhofer, S. Blaser, N. Blüthgen, S. Boch, S. Böhm, C. Börschig, F. Buscot, T. Diekötter, J. Heinze, N. Hölzel, K. Jung, V. H. Klaus, A.-M. Klein, T. Kleinebecker, S. Klemmer, J. Krauss, M. Lange, E. K. Morris, J. Müller, Y. Oelmann, J. Overmann, E. Pašalic, S. C. Renner, M. C. Rillig, H. M. Schaefer, M. Schloter, B. Schmitt, I. Schöning, M. Schrumpf, J. Sikorski, S. A. Socher, E. F. Solly, I. Sonnemann, E. Sorkau, J. Steckel, I. Steffan-Dewenter, B. Stempfhuber, M. Tschapka, M. Türke, P. Venter, C. N. Weiner, W. W. Weisser, M. Werner, C. Westphal, W. Wilcke, V. Wolters, T. Wubet, S. Wurst, M. Fischer and E. Allan. 2016. Locally rare species influence grassland ecosystem multifunctionality. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 371:20150269. PDF

Thorn, S., C. Bässler, M. Bernhardt-Römermann, M. Cadotte, C. Heibl, H. Schäfer, S. Seibold and J. Müller. 2016. Changes in the dominant assembly mechanism drive species loss caused by declining resources. Ecology Letters 19:163-170. PDF

Allan, E., P. Manning, F. Alt, J. Binkenstein, S. Blaser, N. Bluethgen, S. Boehm, F. Grassein, N. Hoelzel, V. H. Klaus, T. Kleinebecker, E. K. Morris, Y. Oelmann, D. Prati, S. C. Renner, M. C. Rillig, M. Schaefer, M. Schloter, B. Schmitt, I. Schoening, M. Schrumpf, E. Solly, E. Sorkau, J. Steckel, I. Steffen-Dewenter, B. Stempfhuber, M. Tschapka, C. N. Weiner, W. W. Weisser, M. Werner, C. Westphal, W. Wilcke and M. Fischer. 2015. Land use intensification alters ecosystem multifunctionality via loss of biodiversity and changes to functional composition. Ecology Letters 18:834-843. PDF

Birkhofer, K., H. G. Smith, W. W. Weisser, V. Wolters and M. M. Gossner. 2015. Land-use effects on the functional distinctness of arthropod communities. Ecography 38:889-900. PDF

Gagic, V., I. Bartomeus, T. Jonsson, A. Taylor, C. Winqvist, C. Fischer, E. M. Slade, I. Steffan-Dewenter, M. Emmerson, S. G. Potts, T. Tscharntke, W. Weisser and R. Bommarco. 2015. Functional identity and diversity of animals predict ecosystem functioning better than species-based indices. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 282.

Gamez-Virues, S., D. J. Perovic, M. M. Gossner, C. Borschig, N. Bluthgen, H. De Jong, N. K. Simons, A.-M. Klein, J. Krauss, G. Maier, C. Scherber, J. Steckel, C. Rothenwohrer, I. Steffan-Dewenter, C. N. Weiner, W. W. Weisser, M. Werner, T. Tscharntke and C. Westphal. 2015. Landscape simplification filters species traits and drives biotic homogenization. Nature Communications 6:8568-8568. PDF

Gossner, M. M., P. Lade, A. Rohland, N. Sichardt, T. Kahl, J. Bauhus, W. W. Weisser and J. S. Petermann. 2015. Effects of management on aquatic tree-hole communities in temperate forests are mediated by detritus amount and water chemistry. Journal of Animal Ecology DOI:10.1111/1365-2656.12437. PDF

Hawro, V., P. Ceryngier, T. Tscharntke, C. Thies, V. Gagic, J. Bengtsson, R. Bommarco, C. Winqvist, W. W. Weisser, L. W. Clement, G. Japoshvili and W. Ulrich. 2015. Landscape complexity is not a major trigger of species richness and food web structure of European cereal aphid parasitoids. Biocontrol 60:451-461. PDF

Köhler, G., E. Pašalic, W. W. Weisser and M. M. Gossner. 2015. Beech forest management does not affect the infestation rate of the beech scale Cryptococcus fagisuga across three regions in Germany. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 17:197-204. PDF

Manning, P., M. M. Gossner, O. Bossdorf, E. Allan, Y.-Y. Zhang, D. Prati, N. Blüthgen, S. Boch, S. Böhm, C. Börschig, N. Hölzel, K. Jung, V. H. Klaus, A. M. Klein, T. Kleinebecker, J. Krauss, M. Lange, J. Müller, E. Pašalic, S. A. Socher, M. Tschapka, M. Türke, C. N. Weiner, M. Werner, S. Gockel, A. Hemp, S. C. Renner, K. Wells, F. Buscot, E. K. V. Kalko, K. E. Linsenmair, W. W. Weisser and M. Fischer. 2015. Grassland management intensification weakens the associations among the diversities of multiple plant and animal taxa. Ecology 96:1492-1501. PDF

Marcus, T., S. Boch, W. Durka, M. Fischer, M. M. Gossner, J. Müller, I. Schöning, W. W. Weisser, C. Drees and T. Assmann. 2015. Living in Heterogeneous Woodlands – Are Habitat Continuity or Quality Drivers of Genetic Variability in a Flightless Ground Beetle? PLoS ONE 10:e0144217. PDF

Müller, J., B. Wende, C. Strobl, M. Eugster, I. Gallenberger, A. Floren, I. Steffan-Dewenter, K. E. Linsenmair, W. W. Weisser and M. M. Gossner. 2015. Forest management and regional tree composition drive the host preference of saproxylic beetle communities. Journal of Applied Ecology 52:753-762. PDF

Naeem, S., J. C. Ingram, A. Varga, T. Agardy, P. Barten, G. Bennett, E. Bloomgarden, L. L. Bremer, P. Burkill, M. Cattau, C. Ching, M. Colby, D. C. Cook, R. Costanza, F. Declerck, C. Freund, T. Gartner, R. G. Benner, J. Gunderson, D. Jarrett, A. P. Kinzig, A. Kiss, A. Koontz, P. Kumar, J. R. Lasky, M. Masozera, D. Meyers, F. Milano, L. Naughton-Treves, E. Nichols, L. Olander, P. Olmsted, E. Perge, C. Perrings, S. Polasky, J. Potent, C. Prager, F. Quetier, K. Redford, K. Saterson, G. Thoumi, M. T. Vargas, S. Vickerman, W. Weisser, D. Wilkie and S. Wunder. 2015. Get the science right when paying for nature's services. Science 347:1206-1207.

Simons, N. K., W. W. Weisser and M. M. Gossner. 2015. Multi-taxa approach shows consistent shifts in arthropod functional traits along grassland land-use intensity gradient. Ecology DOI:10.1890/15-0616.1 in press. Link

Soliveres, S., F. T. Maestre, W. Ulrich, P. Manning, S. Boch, M. A. Bowker, D. Prati, M. Delgado-Baquerizo, J. L. Quero, I. Schoening, A. Gallardo, W. Weisser, J. Mueller, S. A. Socher, M. Garcia-Gomez, V. Ochoa, E.-D. Schulze, M. Fischer and E. Allan. 2015. Intransitive competition is widespread in plant communities and maintains their species richness. Ecology Letters 18:790-798. PDF

Allan, E., O. Bossdorf, C. F. Dormann, D. Prati, M. M. Gossner, T. Tscharntke, N. Blüthgen, M. Bellach, K. Birkhofer, S. Boch, S. Böhm, C. Börschig, A. Chatzinotas, S. Christ, R. Daniel, T. Diekötter, C. Fischer, T. Friedl, K. Glaser, C. Hallmann, L. Hodac, N. Hölzel, K. Jung, A. M. Klein, V. H. Klaus, T. Kleinebecker, J. Krauss, M. Lange, E. K. Morris, J. Müller, H. Nacke, E. Pašalic, M. C. Rillig, C. Rothenwöhrer, P. Schall, C. Scherber, W. Schulze, S. A. Socher, J. Steckel, I. Steffan-Dewenter, M. Türke, C. N. Weiner, M. Werner, C. Westphal, V. Wolters, T. Wubet, S. Gockel, M. Gorke, A. Hemp, S. C. Renner, I. Schöning, S. Pfeiffer, B. König-Ries, F. Buscot, K. E. Linsenmair, E.-D. Schulze, W. W. Weisser and M. Fischer. 2014. Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111:308-313. PDF

Gossner, M. M., C. R. Fonseca, E. Pašalic, M. Türke, M. Lange and W. W. Weisser. 2014. Limitations to the use of arthropods as temperate forests indicators. Biodiversity and Conservation 23:945–962. PDF

Gossner, M. M., E. Pašalic, M. Lange, P. Lange, S. Boch, D. Hessenmöller, J. Müller, S. A. Socher, M. Fischer, E.-D. Schulze and W. W. Weisser. 2014. Differential responses of herbivores and herbivory to management in temperate European Beech. PLoS ONE 9:e104876. PDF

Gossner, M. M., P. Schall, C. Ammer, U. Ammer, K. Engel, H. Schubert, U. Simon, H. Utschick and W. W. Weisser. 2014. Forest management intensity measures as alternative to stand properties for quantifying effects on biodiversity. Ecosphere 5:art113.

Gossner, M. M., W. W. Weisser, J. Gershenzon and S. B. Unsicker. 2014. Insect attraction to herbivore-induced beech volatiles under different forest management regimes. Oecologia 176:569-580. PDF

Gossner, M. M., W. W. Weisser and S. T. Meyer. 2014. Invertebrate herbivory decreases along a gradient of increasing land-use intensity in German grasslands. Basic and Applied Ecology 15:347-352. PDF

Lange, M., M. Türke, E. Pašalic, S. Boch, D. Hessenmöller, J. Müller, D. Prati, S. A. Socher, M. Fischer, W. W. Weisser and M. M. Gossner. 2014. Effects of forest management on ground-dwelling beetles (Coleoptera; Carabidae, Staphylinidae) in Central Europe are mainly mediated by changes in forest structure. Forest Ecology and Management 329:166-176. PDF

Renner, S. C., M. M. Gossner, M. Fischer, T. Kahl, W. W. Weisser and E. Allan. 2014. Temporal changes in randomness of bird communities across Central Europe. PLoS ONE 9:e112347. PDF

Simons, N. K., M. M. Gossner, T. M. Lewinsohn, S. Boch, M. Lange, J. Müller, E. Pašalic, S. A. Socher, M. Türke, M. Fischer and W. W. Weisser. 2014. Resource-Mediated Indirect Effects of Grassland Management on Arthropod Diversity. PLoS ONE 9:e107033. PDF

Simons, N. K., M. M. Gossner, T. M. Lewinsohn, M. Lange, M. Türke and W. W. Weisser. 2014. Effects of land-use intensity on arthropod species abundance distributions in grasslands. Journal of Animal Ecology DOI:10.1111/1365-2656.12278. PDF

Boch, S., D. Prati, J. Muller, S. Socher, H. Baumbach, F. Buscot, S. Gockel, A. Hemp, D. Hessenmoller, E. K. V. Kalko, K. E. Linsenmair, S. Pfeiffer, U. Pommer, I. Schoning, E. D. Schulze, C. Seilwinder, W. W. Weisser, K. Wells and M. Fischer. 2013. High plant species richness indicates management-related disturbances rather than the conservation status of forests. Basic and Applied Ecology 14:496-505.

Gossner, M. M., T. Lachat, J. Brunet, G. Isacsson, C. Bouget, H. Brustel, R. Brandl, W. W. Weisser and J. Müller. 2013. Current Near-to-Nature Forest Management Effects on Functional Trait Composition of Saproxylic Beetles in Beech Forests. Conservation Biology 27:605-614. PDF

Klaus, V. H., T. Kleinebecker, D. Prati, M. M. Gossner, F. Alt, S. Boch, S. Gockel, A. Hemp, M. Lange, J. Müller, Y. Oelmann, E. Pašalic, S. C. Renner, S. A. Socher, M. Türke, W. W. Weisser, M. Fischer and N. Hölzel. 2013. Does organic grassland farming benefit plant and arthropod diversity at the expense of yield and soil fertility? Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 177:1-9. PDF

Socher, S. A., D. Prati, S. Boch, J. Muller, H. Baumbach, S. Gockel, A. Hemp, I. Schoning, K. Wells, F. Buscot, E. K. V. Kalko, K. E. Linsenmair, E. D. Schulze, W. W. Weisser and M. Fischer. 2013. Interacting effects of fertilization, mowing and grazing on plant species diversity of 1500 grasslands in Germany differ between regions. Basic and Applied Ecology 14:126-136. PDF

Birkhofer, K., I. Schoning, F. Alt, N. Herold, B. Klarner, M. Maraun, S. Marhan, Y. Oelmann, T. Wubet, A. Yurkov, D. Begerow, D. Berner, F. Buscot, R. Daniel, T. Diekotter, R. B. Ehnes, G. Erdmann, C. Fischer, B. Foesel, J. Groh, J. Gutknecht, E. Kandeler, C. Lang, G. Lohaus, A. Meyer, H. Nacke, A. Nather, J. Overmann, A. Polle, M. M. Pollierer, S. Scheu, M. Schloter, E. D. Schulze, W. Schulze, J. Weinert, W. W. Weisser, V. Wolters and M. Schrumpf. 2012. General Relationships between Abiotic Soil Properties and Soil Biota across Spatial Scales and Different Land-Use Types. PLoS ONE 7. PDF

Blüthgen, N., C. F. Dormann, D. Prati, V. H. Klaus, T. Kleinebecker, N. Hölzel, F. Alt, S. Boch, S. Gockel, A. Hemp, J. Müller, J. Nieschulze, S. C. Renner, I. Schöning, U. Schumacher, S. A. Socher, K. Wells, K. Birkhofer, F. Buscot, Y. Oelmann, C. Rothenwöhrer, C. Scherber, T. Tscharntke, C. N. Weiner, M. Fischer, E. K. V. Kalko, K. E. Linsenmair, E.-D. Schulze and W. W. Weisser. 2012. A quantitative index of land-use intensity in grasslands: Integrating mowing, grazing and fertilization. Basic and Applied Ecology 13:207-220. PDF

Guerrero, I., M. B. Morales, J. J. Oñate, F. Geiger, F. Berendse, G. d. Snoo, S. Eggers, T. Pärt, J. Bengtsson, L. W. Clement, W. W. Weisser, A. Olszewski, P. Ceryngier, V. Hawro, J. Liira, T. Aavik, C. Fischer, A. Flohre, C. Thies and T. Tscharntke. 2012. Response of ground-nesting farmland birds to agricultural intensification across Europe: Landscape and field level management factors. Biological Conservation 152:74-80. PDF

Naether, A., B. U. Foesel, V. Naegele, P. K. Wüst, J. Weinert, M. Bonkowski, F. Alt, Y. Oelmann, A. Polle, G. Lohaus, S. Gockel, A. Hemp, E. K. V. Kalko, K. E. Linsenmair, S. Pfeiffer, S. Renner, I. Schöning, W. W. Weisser, K. Wells, M. Fischer, J. Overmann and M. W. Friedrich. 2012. Environmental Factors Affect Acidobacterial Communities below the Subgroup Level in Grassland and Forest Soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 78:7398-7406.

Kowalski, E., M. M. Gossner, M. Türke, M. Lange, D. Veddeler, D. Hessenmöller, E.-D. Schulze and W. W. Weisser. 2011. The use of forest inventory data for placing flight-interception traps in the forest canopy. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 140:35-44. PDF

Lange, M., M. M. Gossner and W. W. Weisser. 2011. Effect of pitfall trap type and diameter on vertebrate by-catches and ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) and spider (Araneae) sampling. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 2:185-190. PDF

Fischer, M., O. Bossdorf, S. Gockel, F. Hänsel, A. Hemp, D. Hessenmöller, G. Korte, J. Nieschulze, S. Pfeiffer, D. Prati, S. Renner, I. Schöning, U. Schumacher, K. Wells, F. Buscot, E. K. V. Kalko, K. E. Linsenmair, E.-D. Schulze and W. W. Weisser. 2010. Implementing large-scale and long-term functional biodiversity research: The Biodiversity Exploratories. Basic and Applied Ecology 11:473-485. PDF

Fischer, M., E. K. V. Kalko, K. E. Linsenmair, S. Pfeiffer, D. Prati, E.-D. Schulze and W. W. Weisser. 2010. Exploratories for Large-Scale and Long-Term Functional Biodiversity Research. Ecological Research 7:429-443. PDF

Geiger, F., J. Bengtsson, F. Berendse, W. W. Weisser, M. Emmerson, M. B. Morales, P. Ceryngier, J. Liira, T. Tscharntke, C. Winqvist, S. Eggers, R. Bommarco, T. Part, V. Bretagnolle, M. Plantegenest, L. W. Clement, C. Dennis, C. Palmer, J. J. Onate, I. Guerrero, V. Hawro, T. Aavik, C. Thies, A. Flohre, S. Hanke, C. Fischer, P. W. Goedhart and P. Inchausti. 2010. Persistent negative effects of pesticides on biodiversity and biological control potential on European farmland. Basic and Applied Ecology 11:97-105. PDF

Geiger, F., G. R. De Snoo, F. Berendse, I. Guerrero, M. B. Morales, J. J. Oñate, S. Eggers, T. Pärt, R. Bommarco, J. Bengtsson, L. W. Clement, W. W. Weisser, A. Olszewski, P. Ceryngier, V. Hawro, P. Inchausti, C. Fischer, A. Flohre, C. Thies and T. Tscharntke. 2010. Landscape composition influences farm management effects on farmland birds in winter: A pan-European approach. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 139:571-577. PDF

Moning, C., S. Werth, F. Dziock, C. Bässler, J. Bradtka, T. Hothorn, and J. Müller. 2009. Lichen diversity in temperate montane forests is influenced by forest structure more than climate. Forest Ecology and Management 258:745-751. PDF

Schulze, E.-D., S. Klaus, W. Westhus, J. Wiesner, F. Fritzlar, I. Profft, C. Roscher, J. Waeldchen, and W. W. Weisser. 2009. Species Diversity in Thuringia - Condition, causes, function, and future. Naturschutz und Landschaftsplanung 41:365-374.

Gossner, M., K. Engel, and B. Jessel. 2008. Erstaufforstung landwirtschaftlich genutzter Flächen - hat sich nach 15 Jahren eine waldtypische Fauna und Flora eingestellt? Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 60:127-132.

Müller, J., H. Bussler, M. Gossner, T. Rettelbach, and P. Duelli. 2008. The European spruce bark beetle Ips typographus in a national park: from pest to keystone species. Biodiversity and Conservation 17:2979-3001. PDF

Stein, C., H. Auge, M. Fischer, W. W. Weisser, and D. Prati. 2008. Dispersal and seed limitation affect diversity and productivity of montane grasslands. Oikos 117:1469-1478. PDF

Richter, A., A.-M. Klein, T. Tscharntke, and J. M. Tylianakis. 2007. Abandonment of coffee agroforests increases insect abundance and diversity. Agroforestry Systems 69:175-182.

Perner, J., C. Wytrykush, A. Kahmen, N. Buchmann, I. Egerer, S. Creutzburg, N. Odat, V. Audorff, and W. W. Weisser. 2005. Effects of plant diversity, plant productivity and habitat parameters on arthropod abundance in montane European grasslands. Ecography 28:429-442. PDF

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